Xavier Timoteo Martínez (1869 – 1943) was a tonalist painter and a leader of the California art scene at the turn of the century.  Martínez was the first Latino American artist to receive a classical training in Paris.  He was born in Guadalajara, Mexico, where he worked in his father’s bookstore, learned French, and wrote poetry.  At age thirteen he began attending the Liceo de Varones (Grammar School for Men), where he studied archaeology and his Tarascan heritage. He excelled in Native American designs and painted a copy of Titian’s Entombment.  Martínez moved to San Francisco and enrolled in the California School of Design  studying under Arthur Mathews.  He received the Avery Golden Medal, was offered a teaching position, and became a member of the Bohemian Club.  In 1897 Martínez moved to Paris to study at École des Beaux-Arts under Jean-Léon Gérôme. In 1901 he returned to San Francisco where he shared a studio with Gollardo Piazzoni.  Martínez helped found the California Society of Artists. Then in 1905 he returned to Guadalajara with his friend, artist Maynard Dixon. In 1908, he returned to the United States and began teaching at the California College of Arts and Crafts (CCAC).